Swedish

Nils Essing

Table 3 (22)

Nils Essing2, Agnis Nilsdotter1 & Måns Essing1

A4

Nils Essing

B

Feb 11, 1729

  

  

  

D

  

  

  

  

M

  

  

S

Brita Andersdotter

B

June 23, 1721

Sölvsved

  

  

D

About Sep 30, 1798 buried on September 30, 1798.

Buried on September 30, 1798.

B1

Agnes Essing

B

June 28, 1752

  

Table 14

  

D

Feb 1833

Verdal, Norway

B2

Anders Essing

B

Jan 5, 1756

  

  

  

D

Jan 21, 1759

  

B3

Magnus Essing

B

Feb 1, 1759

  

  

  

D

Mar 18, 1778

  

 

Nils was a Miner in Huså and later he was a settler in Sandnäset, which was also called Äsingen.  The name “Äsingen” probably comes from the name “Essing”.

When Nils Essing and his wife Brita Andersdotter had to have their son Magnus baptized, they requested their closest neighbor, Johan Hansson Råbuck (1718-1761), because it was an emergency baptism.  The emergency baptism was confirmed in Kall church the following day.

Nils Essing filed a claim against farmer Olof Andersson of Sölvsved.  This claim concerned his wife Brita’s inheritance rights to a farm in Sölvsved.  Olof Andersson did not appear at the first Court Session, and could not or would not give a valid excuse for not being there.  Nevertheless, he did produce a reconciliation agreement, which maintained that he, Olof Andersson, should give Nils Essing, for the inheritance rights of his wife, a portion of the Sellsved Farm, one-half (½) of what was known.  Then owning one-tenth portion that is called Bölet, and the place that Essing had already built on, and one-fourth (¼) annually toe half fallow field.  Nils Essing acknowledges this as a complete payment and as a release of his wife’s ownership rights to the Sellswed homestead, and promises to complete 2 days of work on the farm each year.  Essing admits that he had been doing this from the previously stipulated privileges and that he was only requesting this for official confirmation.  Olof Andersson does not deny this, so Essing may have proper assurance thereof.   Therefore, as soon as Olof Andersson gets the District Court Judgment (permanent document for the homestead) then it is now hoped that this Court Session will provide a third Judgment.

By the same conditions, the District Court also found on September 16, 1752, in the dispute between Olof Andersson and his brother-in-law Salomon Jonsson of Gärde, that the acknowledgement of Olof Andersson was legal.

 

Judgment

Olof Andersson has now acknowledged these public rights before the Court, because he was partially involved in depending on it.  Therefore, having reached an agreement before the Spring Court Session of 1756 ends, the legal ratification of the homestead in Sellsved is entered into the Deed Book.  For missing the first day of Court, Olof Andersson will be fined one daler in silver.

Nils Essing later sold his farm to A.  W.  Burman, and the Purchase Agreement was as follows:

Farmer Nils Essing and his wife Brita Andersdotter have released to the Copper Mining Company Manager and Chief Sergeant (?)  Mr. Abraham Wilhelm Burman the farm and its croplands and Sölfswed landed gentry property for 420 Riksdaler through this Purchase Agreement dated October 13, 1761, which is now warmly confirmed in friendship by County Citizen Olof Bedin and Nils Abrahamsson of Hjerpen and Jon Nilsson of Segerdahlen,  however, Essing is allowed the right to use it this year, and for this reason, the buyer is accorded the first offer of this farm.

Nils and Brita moved westwards.  They first settled in Segerdalen, as recorded below:

A written contract was submitted to the District Court with the following contents;  Company Worker Nils Essing is hereby accepted as a tenant on the homestead in Segerdahlen in accordance with the following conditions:

1.     Near the shallow bay west of Sandbäcken, Nils Essing received permission to build a farm and to cultivate the land and clear the meadow, to the extent that he is able to maintain.  He and his wife are given rights to this tract between Sandbäcken and Anjesjön {Anje Lake} for their lifetime, and also the rights to the hay west of Stråtjärn.

2.     Nils Essing no longer has to pay me eighteen (18) Riksdaler annually and no longer puts forth 1 day of work in the spring and 1 day of work in the fall on my woodland.

3.     Nils Essing no longer gets some pasture space from Per Andersson that they had jointly used on the homestead.

4.     Nils Essing may fish in Anjan and Kalljön with Per Andersson.

5.     After the death of Nils Essing and his wife, this farm is to go to such of Essing’s children that make payment for the valuation of the house and improvements.  Essing’s successors may then make a new contract with my successors for the farm, if they so desire. 

                        Hamburg on October 13, 1761

 

                                                Jon Nilsson (Father)

                                                Nils Jonsson (Son)

                                                Nils Essing

 

                Witness:             A. W. Burman                                               
Elof Bredin                                               
Nils  (Signature Mark) Abramsson of Järpen           

 

Since this has been hereby certified as correct by our signatures in the presence of District Court witnesses Olof Bredin and Nils Abramsson of Järpen, it will be put in the Recorded Minutes for the sake of independent proof.

 

Royal Court Judgment

The Royal Court Judge in Westernorrland made a Ruling on the petition by Israel Edenmark for 30 years of tax freedom and other benefits that are legally allowed to new homesteaders.  This included the new homesteaders (Jöns Forsström, Anders Norberg, Nils Essing, and Petter Bergqvist) and their proposal for the new building improvements on the homesteads consisting of 1 acre or 1/6th of a Mantal of Tax Registered Land for each of the above Anjan up to the Norwegian border.  Judge Jonas Berg, a Judge in the Royal Court, made his Ruling on this, which was released to officials in Sundsvall on March 2, 1771, as follows:

From the nature of the contract language, I have gotten enough information to learn that on March 16, 1765 my predecessor in office had given Company Manager Buhrman some assistance with one of those saw machines.  I have also learned that he was able to plan 4 new homesteads, each consisting of 1 acre, along the Norwegian border on the other side of Anjans Sjön {Anjans Lake}.   This was under the terms of 25 years of tax freedom from property taxes and was also to provide 10 years of personal expenses and money for the livestock.  However, the Company Manager was not able to prevail upon anyone to give the same property tax reductions instead of the allowable years of tax freedom on personal property, which had been granted in the Royal Court Judgment of December 9, 1766.   Up until now the visitors (Jöns Forsström from Backsjön {Back Lake}, Anders Norberg from Mählen, Nils Essing from Bollstan, and Petter Bergqvist from Sågen) had all taken this property tax reduction in various degrees.  Because of the location of the new homesteads and because of the suitability of the 1/6th of a Mantal of Tax Registered Land that was chosen, they cannot be expected to complete the building improvements with less than the 30 years of allowed tax freedom.  They will also need additional assistance from the Royal Government for the construction of these proposed new buildings.  I have come to consider these changes written into the contract.  These new homestead opportunities are always located in the mountains along the Norwegian border.  Should there be some expectation of profits from cultivating these fields?  Will there be a warm summer and the grain will ripen, or will it be primarily fed to livestock?  It appears that up until now, no one has wanted to plant anything under the terms and conditions stated in the above Court Judgment of March 16, 1765.  For that reason, I consider it reasonable that the amount of tax freedom for these farmers should be increased.  Consequently, Jöns Forsström, Anders Norberg, Nils Essing, and Pehr Bergqvist shall have the benefit of 30 years of tax freedom on their farms from and including this present year. They are also to have the Homestead Benefits from the Royal Court Judgment of April 4, 1770 that stipulated the Homestead Benefits to the settlers on Royal Government Homesteads. 

The following Homestead Benefits are to be received from the Royal Government starting in the second year: 

·       Two (2) barrels of good quality rye for the next six years

·       Freedom from personal taxes by any name (?) for every stomach to feed.   

·       Excused from all military service

Since some of them have more than 4 children that are less than 15 years of age, and for each and every one over that number, they are to receive one-half (½) barrel of good quality corn until their youngest reaches 6 years of age. 

Written this Year and Date

The Company accountant, the esteemed Mr. Eric Sparman, requested permission from the Copper Mining Company to build some new homesteads on the Company Land in Djupsjö and the following farmers settled there:

Joh. Ranklef

Pehr Bergström

Jon Danielsson

Olof Carlsson of Brattäggen

Carl Carlsson and Olof Andersson of Hook and Kall Parish

 


Their request was as follows:

Judgment

In 1758, these homesteaders in the Villages of Brattäggen and Krok had received legal approval from the legal records of October 14, berd year, after which, because of an investigation already made, for the area called Djupsjö Näset {Djup Lake Point}, which is by the lake across from Djärfhögen.   

Under 20 years of tax freedom on one-half of an acre of arable land together with some worthless land in the area and the manor house, a tax payment of 6 loads of meadow hay and 2 loads of autumn hay was established, except at several locations at Blåwiksmyran {Blåwiks Swamp} access, where it was established at 27 loads.  In addition, some sufficient hay land grass, up to one-half (½) mil from the sier  mountain pasture of the farming concerns, and where the farmers later were found to have not made their petition.  Nevertheless, the results of the investigation were given by Constable Bedin and 2 Jurors in the presence of the affected parties.           

                        Sundsvall on September 8, 1775

From Västernorrlands Land Office A IIIa: 6  (September 8, 1775)

I have been very concerned about the nature of these investigations, especially about certain points concerning the homesteaders that were brought out.  I find that I am properly informed about the new cottage built by Essing, which is located on the western side of Sjön Anjan {Lake Anjan} on a point or promontory.  It occupies the westernmost point of this lake, near Rösjöwatttnet {Rö Lake Water}.  together with the new cottage’s land, qualified on-board star.   The lease payment for this is 1 pound of torrfisk.  In addition to the new cottage, Forsström received what is called Backsjön {Back Lake}.  This lake is ¼ mil {1½ miles} long, and is located on the north side of the farm.  There are also some net locations on the south side, across from the lake creek, which runs into this farm.  Together with 3 other small streams, they are called Ottsjöarna {Otts Lake}, and the lease payment for this area is 1 pound of torrfisk.  Subsequently, the Villagers at Mo, Nedergårds, Storfjärden and Skråpfjärden are to pay an annual lease amount of 1 pound of torrfisk, and the Villagers at Hierpens ninta? The people in the remaining areas that do not have access to Anjansjön {Anjan Lake} or Storfjärd are to pay an annual lease amount of one-half pound of torrfisk.  This is to be the annual lease for next year and the following years.  The previous lease of 1 specie 24 sm  that was paid for these lakes is hereby eliminated.  Year and Date as above.

The Royal Court Judgment in Vesternorrland District Court(?) concerning Smelter Worker Olof Melldahl through the Company Inspector Er . Ax. Sparrman made an investigation to find out about the share of the new cottage construction in Kall Parish, which was previously owned by Jöns Forsström, whereof the Royal Bailiff issued an opinion on the place from the residence of the County Governor at Hernösand on April 6, 1791:

Jöns Forsström of Anjan and Kall Parish agreed in a transaction on February 9th of last year and it was put down in the records of the District Court on the same day.  This showed the circumstances about the residence shares of the new homesteads for Olof Meldahl, who himself had provided residence for the men, Mårten Ol ofsson of Äng and Jon Gunnarsson of Nedergården, sufficient security therefore.  Therefore Melldahl, according to the ruling from the Royal Government Official, would have been aware of their diligence and farming ability.  I have carefully considered regarding him as a resident of this share of the new homesteads in Anjan under the terms and conditions thereof diligence and work place improvements, so that this share was within the conclusion of the tax-free years on completely solid grounds.  And so least respondent opposite the proposed tax amount

                        Year and Date as above 

Per Nilsson a farmer from Wären, Norway received a guaranty from a representative of the Gustaf and Carlberg Copper Mining Company for the newly cultivated land and Segerdahl tax privileges that previously belonged to Company Worker Nils Essing of Sundet.  This guaranty stated that he:

1.     Establishes the annual obligation of 18 Riksdaler and 2 days of work to the landowner in Segerdalen.

2.     Annually transports 10 stigars of coal, each of (?) 12 barrels, from Digernäset to the Husä smelting house for the use of the Company.  He {Per Nilsson} may occupy these buildings and the land under the rights received from the Company for as long as Per Nilsson fulfills these inviolable conditions and maintains and preserves the improvements on the other buildings as required by law. He also has the right to the tax freedoms(?) that have been previously enjoyed by the Company Workers. It is ordered that the entrance shall be close to our house and land as well, so that Per Nilsson will be looked after. 

Should it happen that any landowner denies this farmer’s position, according to the contract that Nils Essing had, then Per Nilsson’s responsibilities will be as established here and he shall be responsible to the landowner of the establishment in the same proportion, according to later agreements that are modified or reduced.

                        Sellsved on December 2, 1771

 

Farmer Per Nilsson later abandoned the contract with the Company for the farm at Sundet.  Farmer Per Andersson will now be able to take over the farm for the next year under the following conditions and until a final decision is made:

1.       Per Andersson must pay the landowner the basic legal obligation of 18 Riksdaler.

2.       He must annually bring five stigars of coal from Digernäset to the Huså smelting house without payment. 

3.       The cultivation of the cropland must not be discontinued at (?).  Per Andersson has the obligation to tend the cattle on this farm for at least 3 weeks each summer and to continue pasture farming.

4.       The Company will later make a second arrangement concerning the farm, if Per Andersson should legally relinquish it.  The Thomas Mass followed the removal without (?) the time for moving will be shortly after the Valborg Mass.

                 Mo on March 26, 1774

                                                Joh. Gust. Edelfelt